I noted in part 18 of these posts that different views exist on the relationship between the forces and relations of production. For some, the forces of production have primacy in explaining historical development and changes in the relations of production arise from the development of the productive forces, in the manner Marx describes in the 1859 Preface.
An alternative view is that it is the relations of production, in capitalism the capitalist ownership of the means of production and the competition among them, that is the motor of development. Yet another view considers that it is contradictions within the relations of production alone that drives historical development, and not between these relations and the forces of production.
The latter two views lend themselves to the possibility that overthrowing of capitalist relations, no matter what the level of development of the productive forces, can lead to socialism, and the…
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